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Nutrition and Cancer

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Nutrition and Cancer

What we eat, or don’t eat, plays in an important role in our health. Today, researchers are learning more about the way food might play a role in the development and/or prevention of cancer.

While each person is different, it is generally recommended that our diet include:
– Vegetables, dark green, orange, red, leafy, and starchy ones
– Fruits, especially whole fruit
– Grains, at least half of which are whole grains
– Dairy, like milk, yogurt, cheese, or other dairy alternatives
– Protein Foods, such as lean meats, poultry, and eggs, or beans, peas, and nuts
– Oils, including vegetable oils and others that occur naturally in foods like nuts and seafood.


It’s also recommended that we try to limit:

  • ¬†Added sugars, like those in processed sweets
  • Saturated, or processed fats
  • Added sodium, or salt
  • Alcoholic beverages


Ultimately, each of our diets will look differently, based on what works best for us. As best as possible, try to find balance in eating a wide variety healthful foods and limiting processed ones.

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Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number P30CA060553. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.